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First Aid - Transportation

Unless the area becomes dangerously unsafe, it is best to avoid moving an injured or ill person. The reason for this is because any unnecessary movement can cause additional injury and pain to the person; resulting in complications for their recovery.

Walking Assist
This method requires the injured or ill person to be conscious.

  • Place the injured or ill person's arm across your shoulders and hold it in place with one hand.
  • Use your other hand and place it around the person's waist to support them.

Two-Person Seat Carry
This method requires two people to assist the conscious person in need of transport.
Two-person carry

  • Put one arm behind the person's thighs and the other across the person's back.
  • Interlock your arms with those of the second person assisting in the transport so that it goes behind the person's legs and across their back.
  • Lift the injured or ill person that is sitting on the “seat” created by the arms of the first-aiders.

One Person Carry
This method can be used for both conscious and unconscious persons. Similar methods include piggyback style, fireman carry, or pack-strap carry.

One-person carry

  • Kneel in front of the person with your back to them.
  • Bring your arms around the victim's knees.
  • Grasp their hands over your chest.

  • Note: avoid injury to your own back by keeping straight and lifting with your legs.

Drag Methods
This method includes the blanket drag, ankle drag and the clothes drag.

  • With the blanket drag method, gather half of the blanket and place it against the person's side.
  • Roll the person towards you and reach over to place the blanket so that it is positioned under the person.
  • Roll the person on the blanket and gather the blanket at the head and drag.
  • With the ankle drag method, firmly grasp the person's ankles and move backward in a straight line.
  • With the clothes drag method, grasp the person's clothing behind the neck (gather enough to secure a firm grip).
  • Use the clothing to pull the person head first.

A stretcher is device that is used to transport an ill or injured person by having the person lie on the object. This requires at least two people to help assist in the transport. When a stretcher is not available, objects can be used to create one. There are several ways to make a stretcher. The technique below is one way.

  • Use two poles that are somewhat longer than the victim's height.
  • With a few shirts and push the poles through the sleeves.

  • Note: you can also use a tarp or blanket and wrap the poles in between.